Cricket, often dubbed as the religion of India, has an unparalleled following in the country. It’s not just a sport; it’s an emotion that unites millions of fans. One of the most revered cricket stadiums in India is the Eden Gardens Stadium, located in Kolkata. With its rich history, remarkable capacity, and iconic matches, it has solidified its place as the oldest and second-largest cricket stadium in the country.
Introduction to Eden Gardens Stadium
The Eden Gardens Stadium holds a special place in the hearts of cricket enthusiasts across India. Established in 1864, it is not only one of the oldest cricket stadiums in the world but also the oldest in India. The stadium’s name was inspired by the lush gardens that once occupied the area where it stands today. With a seating capacity of over 66,000 spectators, Eden Gardens is the second-largest cricket stadium in India, second only to the Sardar Patel Stadium in Ahmedabad.
Construction and early years
The construction of Eden Gardens Stadium began under the auspices of the Cricket Association of Bengal (CAB). In 1864, it had its humble beginnings with a simple grass field. Over the years, the stadium underwent several renovations and expansions to accommodate the growing number of cricket enthusiasts. The inaugural match held at Eden Gardens was a friendly match between the Calcutta Cricket Club and the Town Club.
Key features of Eden Gardens Stadium
Eden Gardens Stadium boasts several key features that contribute to its iconic status. The playing surface of the stadium is known for its challenging conditions, particularly for spinners. The soil composition and weather conditions in Kolkata result in a pitch that favors spin bowling, making it a paradise for spinners.
The stadium offers a wide range of seating arrangements, including the famous “Club House” and “Corporate Boxes” that provide luxurious and exclusive experiences for VIP guests. The facility is equipped with modern amenities, ensuring the comfort and convenience of spectators. Additionally, the stadium features several iconic landmarks within its premises, such as the Victoria Memorial, the Howrah Bridge, and the iconic Eden Clock.
Memorable matches and events
Eden Gardens Stadium has witnessed numerous memorable matches that have left an indelible mark in the history of cricket. One of the most iconic matches held at this venue was the 2001 Test match between India and Australia. The match is remembered for VVS Laxman’s incredible innings of 281 and Harbhajan Singh’s mesmerizing bowling performance, which led India to a historic victory after following-on.
The stadium has also witnessed record-breaking moments, including the highest individual score in Test cricket, achieved by Brian Lara when he scored an unbeaten 400 runs against England in 2004. Moreover, Eden Gardens has been the venue for many international tournaments, including the ICC Cricket World Cup in 1987, 1996, and 2011, and the ICC World Twenty20 in 2016.
Cultural impact and fan experience
The fan experience at Eden Gardens Stadium is unparalleled. Kolkata, known for its passionate cricket-loving population, turns into a cauldron of emotions during matches. The stadium resonates with chants and cheers that echo throughout the city. The iconic “Dada” chant for Sourav Ganguly, one of India’s most celebrated cricketers and former captain, originated in this very stadium.
Eden Gardens Stadium is more than just a sports venue; it is an integral part of Kolkata’s cultural identity. The stadium’s electrifying atmosphere and the undying spirit of the fans make it an emblem of the city’s cultural heritage. It has become a symbol of pride for every Kolkatan, representing their deep-rooted love for cricket.
Challenges and renovations
Like any other aging structure, Eden Gardens Stadium faced its fair share of challenges. Over the years, issues with maintenance and infrastructure began to arise, leading to concerns about the stadium’s future. However, recognizing its historical significance and cultural value, the authorities embarked on a series of renovations and improvements to preserve its legacy.
The stadium underwent a major renovation ahead of the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup. The renovation included modernization of facilities, improvement of spectator comfort, and expansion of seating capacity. The iconic floodlights were also upgraded to meet international standards, ensuring better visibility during night matches.
Future prospects and developments
Looking ahead, the Cricket Association of Bengal has plans to further develop and expand Eden Gardens Stadium. The proposed expansion aims to increase the seating capacity to accommodate a larger number of cricket enthusiasts. This development will enable the stadium to host even more significant matches and international tournaments, solidifying its status as one of the premier cricketing venues in the world.
Eden Gardens Stadium in Kolkata stands as a testament to the enduring love affair between India and cricket. As the oldest and second-largest cricket stadium in the country, it has witnessed numerous historic moments and hosted some of the most thrilling matches in the history of the sport. Beyond its sporting significance, it holds a special place in the hearts of millions, symbolizing the passion and devotion that cricket evokes in every Indian.
1. Which is the oldest cricket stadium in India? The oldest cricket stadium in India is the Eden Gardens Stadium in Kolkata.
2. How many spectators can Eden Gardens Stadium accommodate? Eden Gardens Stadium has a seating capacity of over 66,000 spectators, making it the second-largest cricket stadium in India.
3. What are some famous matches held at Eden Gardens Stadium? Some famous matches held at Eden Gardens Stadium include the 2001 Test match between India and Australia, and the 2004 Test match between West Indies and England where Brian Lara scored an unbeaten 400 runs.
4. What is the cultural significance of Eden Gardens Stadium? Eden Gardens Stadium holds immense cultural significance in Kolkata. It represents the city’s deep-rooted love for cricket and serves as a symbol of pride for every Kolkatan.
5. Are there any plans for the expansion of Eden Gardens Stadium? Yes, the Cricket Association of Bengal has plans to expand the seating capacity of Eden Gardens Stadium to accommodate more cricket enthusiasts and host bigger matches and tournaments.
Eden Gardens is a Cricket Ground In Kolkata, India. Eden Garden is Called The “Mecca of Indian Cricket”, Due to it Being The First Officially Built Ground For The Game of Cricket in India. Eden Gardens Became The Second Stadium To Host a World Cup Final. Eden Garden Saw a Record of Crowd of 95000 in 1987 Cricket World Cup Final. Eden Garden is The Oldest and Second-Largest Cricket Stadium in India After Newly Built Narendra Modi Stadium. Eden Garden Stadium Currently Has a Capacity of 90,000.
|Eden Garden Established On
|1864 (157 Years Ago)
|Eden Garden Location
|Kolkata, West Bengal, India
|Eden Garden Home Club
|Eden Garden Capacity (Seats)
|Eden Garden Owner
|West Bengal Cricket Association
|Eden Garden Operator
|Cricket Association Of Bengal
|Eden Garden Tenants
|India National Cricket Team, Bengal Cricket Team, Kolkata Knight Riders,
|Eden Garden First Test
|5-8 January 1934 (India Vs England)
|Eden Garden Last Test
|22-24 November 2019 (India Vs Bangladesh)
|Eden Garden First ODI
|18 February 1987 (India Vs Pakistan)
|Eden Garden Last ODI
|21 September 2017 (India Vs Australia)
|Eden Garden First T20I
|29 October 2011 (India Vs England)
|Eden Garden Last T20I
|4 November 2018 (India Vs West Indies)
|Eden Garden Total Area
|Eden Garden Total Host World Cup Matches
|15 World Cup Matches
|Eden Garden Built By
|Governor – General Auckland
|Eden Garden Also Known As
|The Home Of Indian Cricket
|Eden Garden Land Owner
|The Ministry of Defence
|Eden Garden Pitch
|The Better Batting Surface Although Spinners Tend to Come Into Action as The Match Wears On.
|Eden Garden Cricket Ground Size & Dimension (For Men’s)
|Criteria Max. Length Min. Length Min. Diameter Square Boundaries 82.29 meters 59.43 meters 137.16 meters Straight Boundaries 82.29 meters 64 meters 137.16 meters
|Eden Garden Cricket Ground Size & Dimension (For Women’s)
|Criteria Max. Length Min. Length Min. Diameter Square Boundaries 59.43 meters 50.29 meters – Straight Boundaries 59.43 meters 50.29 meters –
|Eden Garden Near Best Hotels To Stay
|The Peerless Inn Kolkata (0.9 km From Eden Gardens) Rated By – 7.1/10 The Oberoi Grand Kolkata (0.9 km From Eden Gardens) Rated By – 9.3/10 FabHotel Orion Crystal Park Circus (3.1 km From Eden Gardens) Rated By – 8.0/10 FabExpress Neeranand Regency (3.7 km From Eden Gardens) Rated By – 8.1/10 Treebo Tryst Hotel Radiant (3.3 km From Eden Gardens) Rated By – 6.2/10 YMCA SEACOM INN (1 km From Eden Gardens) Rated By – 7.0/10 Treebo Trend Hotel Orion West Willows (3 km From Eden Gardens) Rated By – 7.1/10 FabExpress Quest (3.5 km From Eden Gardens) Rated By – 9.7/10